SURYA : INDIA’S MOST LETHAL MISSILE

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AGNI 6: Surya Missile

Surya Missile Or Agni 6 is an intercontinental ballistic missile under development by the DRDO for the use of the Indian Armed Forces.Surya Missile will be a four-stage intercontinental ballistic missile. Surya Missile will carry a massive three-tonne warhead, thrice the weight of the one-tonne warhead that Agni missiles have carried so far. This will allow each Agni-6 missile to launch several nuclear warheads -Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Warheads (MIRVs) – with each warhead striking a different target. Each warhead – called Maneuverable Re-entry Vehicle (MARV) – performs evasive maneuvers while hurtling down towards its target, confusing enemy air defence missiles that are trying to destroy them mid-air. And these maneuverable warheads will give Agni VI an extended range exact figure of which is currently classified. It will be taller than its predecessor Agni V, and is expected to be flight tested by 2017. Agni-VI missile is likely to carry up to 10 MIRV warheads and will have a strike range of 8,000 km to 12,000 km.

 

 

 

Few Declassified Details

 

Designer: Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)

 

Weight: ~55,000 kg

 

Propellant: First/second stage solid, third liquid (or three stage solid)

 

Operational Range: ~12,000-16,000 km

 

Speed: Mach 24 (29,401 km/h)

 

 

 

World Conqueror

Agni-6 will herald India in the super power league of countries possessing the very long range Inter continental Ballistic Missile with multiple warheads and will definitely act as a deterrent to any power on earth, however mighty that power may be.

The CoBRAs: “Glory or Death”

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Inception

COBRA (Commando Battalion for Resolute Action) is a specialized unit of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) of India proficient in guerrilla tactics and jungle warfare. Originally established to counter the Naxalite problem,COBRA is deployed to address any insurgent group engaging in asymmetrical warfare. Currently numbering ten battalions COBRA is ranked among one of India's more experienced and successful law enforcement units.

 

 

 

 

In 2009, the Ministry of Home Affairs has approved raising of 10 CoBRA (Commando Battalion for Resolute Action) to meet the challenges being posed by naxalites. In view of naxal's violent and focused attacks on Security Forces; it was essential that appropriate counter strategy be evolved which strikes the naxals in their stronghold.Accordingly, in phased manner the COBRA battalions were raised –

 

a) 02 Bn in 2008–09

b) 04 Bn in 2009–10

c) 04 Bn in 2010–11

 

A CoBRA unit marching in the republic day parade-2015

Training

Cobras are trained in the CRPF Elite jungle warfare institutions in Belgaum and Koraput. Their training regime(physical) and duration is similar to that of lines of Elite NSG Commandos. Main Tactics focus part is jungle warfare. They are adept in the art of camouflage and jungle warfare.Every personnel of CoBRA are trained for heli jump like the parachute regiment. Regular refreshing training is carried out of the commandos to check their physical and firing skills matching the standard.Their role is to carry out reconnaissance and long range patrols, gather intelligence on the whereabouts of the insurgents, and also carry out ambushes and precision strikes when required. Their sniper teams can also be used to headshot key targets.

After 3 months of rigorous training(Same patters as that of NSG) in Belgaum or Koraput,CoBRA members are deployed to their respective units to counter-Naxal activities.

 

 

Major Operations and gallantry Awards

CoBRA Bn, true to its training and competence have killed 61 naxals and apprehended 866 suspects as well as recovered huge amount of arms, ammunition and explosives till 2011. The CoBRA personnel's efforts have also been acknowledged with 200 plus DG commendation discs. The valour and gallant actions of CoBRA have been recognised and the personnel have been decorated with 09 Gallantry medals including two Shaurya Chakra. CoBRA Commando Ashish Kumar Tiwari was awarded Shaurya Chakra for single handedly pinning down a squad of Maoists which resulted in the killing of a top naxal leader and Asst Commandant RV Mishra for taking down a group of 32 Maoists in Jharkhand in a clandestine operation with a team of only 8 and killing 5 Maoist even after a mine shredded his leg while trying to save a fellow member.

 

WEAPONS USED BY THE UNIT

 

1)INSAS Rifle

 

Range: 400m

Magazine Size: 30 Rounds

Calibre: 5.56 mm

 

 

2) AKMS:

 

A very durable, long ranged and deadly riffle of the AK series.

 

Range: 300m

Magazine Capacity: 30 rounds

Calibre: 7.62 mm

 

 

3) Carl Gustaf recoilless rifle: 

 

it is an 84 mm man-portable reusable anti-tank recoil-less rifle produced by Saab Bofors Dynamics in Sweden.

 

Range: 700m

 

 

 

4) Dragunov Sniper Rifle:

 

It is a semi-automatic sniper/designated marksman rifle chambered in 7.62×54mmR and developed in the Soviet Union.

 

 

Range: 800m

Magazine Capacity: 10 rounds

Calibre: 7.62 mm

 

The Dragunov was designed as a squad support weapon and it remains one of the most used and as the most dangerous sniper rifles in the modern world.

 

 

5) Browning Hi-Power

 

The Browning Hi Power is a single-action, semi-automatic handgun designed by American firearms inventor John Browning.

 

 

 

Range: 50m

Magazine Capacity: 13 rounds

Calibre: 9 mm

 

 

 

6) MP5

 

 

 

It is a 9mm submachine gun of German design, developed in the 1960s by a team of engineers from the German small arms manufacturer Heckler & Koch GmbH (H&K) of Oberndorf am Neckar.

 

 

 

Range: 200m

Magazine Capacity: 30 rounds

Calibre: 9 mm

 

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Special Protection Group

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Introduction

The Special Protection Group (SPG) is a special force of the Union for providing proximate security to the Prime Minister of India and former Prime Minister of India and members of their immediate families wherever they are. It was formed in 1988 by an act of the Parliament of India.

 

 

After the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi in May 1991, the SPG Act was amended in 1991 to provide security to former Prime Ministers and their immediate families for a period of 10 years from the date on which the former Prime Minister ceased to hold office.

 

 

 

 

Special Protection Group is a Classified organization and stands highest in the hierarchy of the security categories of India. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Uniform and Dress

In summer, the SPG men dress in the trademark safari suits.

PSO's to the Prime Minister is their typical safari attire.

                                           

 

 

 

 

In winter, formal suits, with sunglasses and a communication earpiece, and concealed personal weapons. Personal equipment includes goggles bulletproof vest, Kevlar gloves, elbow and knee pads.

 

 

Command and control

The "general superintendence, direction and control" of the SPG is exercised by, the Central Government. The head of the force, called a Director, who is responsible for "the command and supervision" of the force. The director of the SPG since its inception has been an officer from the Indian Police service. Personnel of the Special Protection Group are drawn from Central Armed Police Forces and Railway Protection Force, but the officers are from the IPS or officers of the RPF.

Personnels of the Indian Armed Forces i.e. Army, Navy and Air Force are not taken because of their inexperience in VVIP security.  

 

 

Arms equipment and vehicles.

I) Arms:

 

1) FN F2000:

The FN F2000 is a NATO bullpup assault rifle, designed by FN Herstal in Belgium.

 

Range: 500m

Magazine Capacity: 30 rounds

Calibre: 5.56 mm

 

This bullpup rifle comes with a scope and a grenade  launcher. 

 

 

2) FN P90: 

P90 is of the most iconic sub-machine guns with a an unbelievable fire-rate of 900 rounds per minute designed and manufactured by FN Herstal in Belgium.

 

 

Range: 200m

Magazine Capacity: 50 rounds

Calibre: 5.7 mm

 

 

3) FN Five-seven: 

The FN Five-seven, trademarked as the Five-seveN, is a semi-automatic pistol designed and manufactured by (FN Herstal) in Belgium. The pistol is named for its 5.7-mm bullet diameter.

 

Range: 50m

Magazine Capacity: 20 rounds

Calibre: 5.7 mm

 

 

II) Vehicles: 

 

The Prime Minister's motorcade comprises a dozen vehicles, including two armoured BMW 7 Series Sedan, six BMW X5 and a Mercedes Benz ambulance. A Tata Safari jammer also accompany the convoy, besides a few more escort vehicles.

 

Organization

The Director of the SPG, an officer of IG and some times Director General rank, is assisted by number of Deputy Directors, Assistant Directors, Joint Assistant Directors. The SPG is divided broadly into the following four categories:

 

1) Operations: Looks after the actual protection duties. In the Operations Branch, there are components like the Communications Wing, Technical Wing and Transport Wing.

 

2)Training: Deals with the training of personnel on a continuous basis. The SPG imparts training in physical efficiency, marksmanship, anti-sabotage checks, communication and other operative aspects connected with close protection drills and having a bearing on VVIP security with a view to maintaining a high level of physical fitness and to fine-tune the operational skills of SPG Officers. The training programme is constantly reviewed and updated to effectively thwart threats from newer areas and in keeping with existing threat perception.

 

 

3) Intelligence and Tours: Threat assessment, internal intelligence pertaining to personnel, verification of character and antecedents, tours and other allied jobs.

 

 

Members of the SPG are barred by the SPG Act,1988, from contact with the media and from publishing or collaborating in publication of "any book, letter or other document"

 

Garud Commando Force

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Formation

The Garud Commando Force is the special forces unit of the Indian Air Force. It was formed in September 2004 and has a current strength of approximately 1080 personnel.The unit derives its name from Garuda, a divine bird-like creature of Hindu Mythology.

 

Garud is tasked with the protection of critical Air Force bases and installations; search and rescue during peace and hostilities and disaster relief during calamities.Presently, Garud's are deployed in Congo as part of the UN peace keeping operations.

 

Operational experience

Though Garud is not a "secret" unit, very little is known about its operations and assignments, maybe because National Security Guards and Para Commandos are the primary choice of the Indian government to perform operations. Garuds have been deployed to Congo as a part of the UN peace keeping contingent. They also operate alongside Army special forces in Jammu and Kashmir to gain operational exposure. Towards this purpose, teams from the flights are attached to army SF units. Garud Commandos were tasked to provide security at the Yelahanka AFS during Aero India-2005, 2007, 2011 and 2013.
 
On January 2, 2016, the unit took a casualty during the 2016 Pathankot attack when Commando Gursewak Singh died in action.All the IAF assets were declared safe.
 
 

 

Weapons Used by the Unit

1) IWI Tavor:

 

The IWI Tavor is an Israeli bullpup assault rifle with a selective fire system, selecting between semi-automatic mode and full automatic fire mode.

 

Range: 550m

Magazine Capacity: 30 rounds

Calibre: 5.56 mm

 

 

2) IWI Negev:

 

High Recoil 

 

 

Range: 550m

Magazine Capacity: 150 rounds

Calibre: 5.56 mm

 

 

3)INSAS rifle

 

Range: 400m

Magazine Size: 30 Rounds

Calibre: 5.56 mm

 

 

4) AKMS:

 

A very durable, long ranged and deadly riffle of the AK series.

 

Range: 300m

Magazine Capacity: 30 rounds

Calibre: 7.62 mm

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The Indian Marine Commando Force

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MARCOS In Brief

The Marine Commando Force (MCF), also known as MARCOS, is one of India's elite special forces of the naval wing. It was raised by the Indian Navy in 1987 for direct action, special reconnaissance, amphibious warfare and counter terrorism.

In 1988, the MARCOS successfully rescued several hostages, including Maldives' then Minister of Education, abroad a ship hijacked by PLOTE mercenaries during Operation Cactus.

The MARCOS are typically deployed and trained to prevent infiltration through the Jhelum and Wular Lake and are also involved in covert counter-terrorism operations in and around lakes and rivers in Jammu and Kashmir.

 

 

 

On July 12, 2016, the naval base INS Karna was commissioned near Visakhapatnam as a permanent base for the unit.

 

 

During the 26/11 Mumbai attacks, the MARCOS were also involved in the rescue missions of hostages captured by the terrorists in Taj Mahal Palace and Tower Luxury Hotel in Mumbai as part of a large terrorist attack in Mumbai in November 2008. 

 

Selection and Training

All MARCOS personnel are males selected from the Indian Navy. They are selected when they are in their early 20s and have to go through a stringent selection process and training. The selection standards are extremely high. The training is a continuous process. American and British special forces assisted in the initial training, which now consists of a two-year course for new recruits. The training regimen includes: airborne operations, combat diving courses, counter-terrorism, anti-hijacking, anti-piracy operations, direct action, infiltration and exfiltration tactics, special reconnaissance, unconventional warfare training etc. Majority of the training is conducted at INS Abhimanyu which is also the home base of MARCOS.

All MARCOS personnel are freefall qualified. MARCOS train along with the Special Forces officers of the Indian Army like the Para Commandos at the Indian Special Forces Training School, Nahan and Army's other schools for Unconventional warfare These include the Junior Leaders' Commando Training Camp in Belgaum, Karnataka, the Parvat Ghatak School (for high altitude mountain warfare) in Tawang Arunachal Pradesh, Desert warfare school in Rajasthan, the High Altitude Warfare School (HAWS) in Sonamarg, Kashmir and the Counter-insurgency and Jungle Warfare School (CIJWS) in Vairengte, Mizoram.

 

 

Some Weapons and Vehicles Used by the Unit

I) Small Arms

 

1) Pistol Auto 9mm 1A: 

           

 

is a semi-automatic pistol currently manufactured by Rifle Factory Ishapore, West Bengal one of 41 production facilities of Ordnance Factories Board of the Indian Ministry of Defense.

Magazine Capacity: 13 rounds
Range: 50 m
Calibre: 9 mm

 

 

2) Beretta 92: 

 

 

 

is a series of semi-automatic pistols designed and manufactured by Beretta of Italy. The model 92 was designed in 1972 and production of many variants in different calibers continues today.

 

 

 

3) APS amphibious rifle:

 

 

Avtomat Podvodny Spetsialnyy or "Special Underwater Assault Rifle") is an underwater firearm designed by the Soviet Union in the early 1970s. It was adopted in 1975. Made by the Tula Arms Plant.

Underwater, ordinary-shaped bullets are inaccurate and have a very short-range.

The APS's barrel is not rifled; the fired projectile is kept in line by hydrodynamic effects; as a result, the APS is somewhat inaccurate when fired out of water.

Hence this rifle is ought to be used only for underwater warfare. 

 

Range: 115m

Magazine Capacity: 26 rounds

Calibre: 5.66 mm

 

 

4) IWI Tavor:

 

 

The IWI Tavor is an Israeli bullpup assault rifle with a selective fire system, selecting between semi-automatic mode and full automatic fire mode.

 

Range: 550m

Magazine Capacity: 30 rounds

Calibre: 5.56 mm

 

 

 

II) Support Weapons:

 

 

1) IWI Negev:

 

High Recoil 

 

 

Range: 550m

Magazine Capacity: 150 rounds

Calibre: 5.56 mm

 

 

2) Carl Gustaf recoilless rifle: 

 

it is an 84 mm man-portable reusable anti-tank recoil-less rifle produced by Saab Bofors Dynamics in Sweden.

 

 

Range: 700m

 

 

3) B-300 anti Tank weapon:

 

 

The B-300 is a compact and lightweight anti-tank weapon that only requires a single user to operate.

 

Range- 400m

 

 

 

III) Transport:

 

1)HAL Dhruv: 

The HAL Dhruv is a utility helicopter developed and manufactured by India's Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).

 

 

2) Cosmos CE-2F X100 two-man submarines:

 

 

 

 

3) Indian Navy Swimmer Delivery Vehicle:

 

 

The Indian Navy Swimmer Delivery Vehicle (SDV) is a planned class of midget submarine for the Indian navy. Under this programme the Indian Navy will acquire 2 midget submarines for use as Swimmer Delivery Vehicles. These submarines will be used for conducting underwater special operations by MARCOS.Both submarines will be constructed by Hindustan Shipyard Limited. The cost of procuring the two SDVs will be around ₹2,000 crore.

 

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