The CoBRAs: “Glory or Death”


COBRA (Commando Battalion for Resolute Action) is a specialized unit of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) of India proficient in guerrilla tactics and jungle warfare. Originally established to counter the Naxalite problem,COBRA is deployed to address any insurgent group engaging in asymmetrical warfare. Currently numbering ten battalions COBRA is ranked among one of India's more experienced and successful law enforcement units.





In 2009, the Ministry of Home Affairs has approved raising of 10 CoBRA (Commando Battalion for Resolute Action) to meet the challenges being posed by naxalites. In view of naxal's violent and focused attacks on Security Forces; it was essential that appropriate counter strategy be evolved which strikes the naxals in their stronghold.Accordingly, in phased manner the COBRA battalions were raised –


a) 02 Bn in 2008–09

b) 04 Bn in 2009–10

c) 04 Bn in 2010–11


A CoBRA unit marching in the republic day parade-2015


Cobras are trained in the CRPF Elite jungle warfare institutions in Belgaum and Koraput. Their training regime(physical) and duration is similar to that of lines of Elite NSG Commandos. Main Tactics focus part is jungle warfare. They are adept in the art of camouflage and jungle warfare.Every personnel of CoBRA are trained for heli jump like the parachute regiment. Regular refreshing training is carried out of the commandos to check their physical and firing skills matching the standard.Their role is to carry out reconnaissance and long range patrols, gather intelligence on the whereabouts of the insurgents, and also carry out ambushes and precision strikes when required. Their sniper teams can also be used to headshot key targets.

After 3 months of rigorous training(Same patters as that of NSG) in Belgaum or Koraput,CoBRA members are deployed to their respective units to counter-Naxal activities.



Major Operations and gallantry Awards

CoBRA Bn, true to its training and competence have killed 61 naxals and apprehended 866 suspects as well as recovered huge amount of arms, ammunition and explosives till 2011. The CoBRA personnel's efforts have also been acknowledged with 200 plus DG commendation discs. The valour and gallant actions of CoBRA have been recognised and the personnel have been decorated with 09 Gallantry medals including two Shaurya Chakra. CoBRA Commando Ashish Kumar Tiwari was awarded Shaurya Chakra for single handedly pinning down a squad of Maoists which resulted in the killing of a top naxal leader and Asst Commandant RV Mishra for taking down a group of 32 Maoists in Jharkhand in a clandestine operation with a team of only 8 and killing 5 Maoist even after a mine shredded his leg while trying to save a fellow member.




1)INSAS Rifle


Range: 400m

Magazine Size: 30 Rounds

Calibre: 5.56 mm



2) AKMS:


A very durable, long ranged and deadly riffle of the AK series.


Range: 300m

Magazine Capacity: 30 rounds

Calibre: 7.62 mm



3) Carl Gustaf recoilless rifle: 


it is an 84 mm man-portable reusable anti-tank recoil-less rifle produced by Saab Bofors Dynamics in Sweden.


Range: 700m




4) Dragunov Sniper Rifle:


It is a semi-automatic sniper/designated marksman rifle chambered in 7.62×54mmR and developed in the Soviet Union.



Range: 800m

Magazine Capacity: 10 rounds

Calibre: 7.62 mm


The Dragunov was designed as a squad support weapon and it remains one of the most used and as the most dangerous sniper rifles in the modern world.



5) Browning Hi-Power


The Browning Hi Power is a single-action, semi-automatic handgun designed by American firearms inventor John Browning.




Range: 50m

Magazine Capacity: 13 rounds

Calibre: 9 mm




6) MP5




It is a 9mm submachine gun of German design, developed in the 1960s by a team of engineers from the German small arms manufacturer Heckler & Koch GmbH (H&K) of Oberndorf am Neckar.




Range: 200m

Magazine Capacity: 30 rounds

Calibre: 9 mm


Share your views

Please tell us your views in the comment section about  one of the most elite anti-Maoist units in the world, CoBRAs


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *